Wichita's water system, like water systems throughout most cities of comparable size and age, is a city-run utility (operated, here, by the City of Wichita Department of Public Works), and -- again, like most cities -- is suffering from decades of neglect (some of the city's infrastructure is a legacy of the 1930s Roosevelt Administration's federal public works projects.) Wichita's water system also serves most of the surrounding suburban communities, at a cost.
In 2019, the city was rocked by reports that the city's main water-treatment plant is in danger of failure, potentially forcing the entire city onto bottled water. A frantic, and controversial, government move to get the water plant replaced -- awarding the largest city government contract in Wichita history to a friend of the Mayor -- resulted in scandal and the mayor's defeat in the November, 2019 election. However, the City Council (and still-incumbent Mayor) appear poised to push the contract through before his successor can take office (in January, 2020).
Wichita draws its water chiefly from three sources:
- Cheney Reservoir, 30 miles northwest of the city, fed by the Ninnescah River. (The lake is frequently polluted with agricultural-runoff chemicals that spawn noxious algae blooms, occassionally adding an algae aroma to the city's water). Variability in river flows -- owing particularly to increasingly severe and prolonged droughts, as the climate changes -- undermine the reliability of this supply.
- The Eqqus Beds, an underground aquifer. Traditionally aquifers are fed by rain, above-ground rivers, and snowmelt from mountain ranges. Over-consumption of the water in the Eqqus Beds, along with reduced rainfall and frequent, prolonged droughts, began to deplete and endanger them. To counter the depletion, a few decades ago, the city began pumping water into the Eqqus Beds from...
- The Arkansas River -- through water pumped into the Eqqus Beds, to replenish them. Variability in river flows -- owing particularly to increasingly severe and prolonged droughts, as the climate changes -- undermine the reliability of this supply. It is further undermined by the loss of a decades-long lawsuit by the State of Kansas against Colorado (source of the Arkansas River) for withholding water unfairly. The courts eventually ruled against Kansas, allowing only a very slight award to the state, essentially granting Colorado the right to continue withholding water from the river, as Colorado's population and agriculture near to, and around, the Arkansas River basin, grows.
Early in 2019, word leaked out that the city's water system was in grave trouble, with the city's main water-purification plant on the verge of collapse. This triggered a series of city-shaking news and events that largely shaped the outcome of the Wichita's 2019 mayoral election.
These matters are well-documented in the following articles, chiefly from the city's newspaper, the Wichita Eagle & Beacon., who exposed a scandal involving the granting of city's largest-ever contract -- a contract to replace the water plant.
Wichita's electricity is provided by a state-wide utility company, Evergy -- the product of a 2019 merger of Westar Energy (formerly Kansss Gas & Electric Co. -- "KG&E" -- which served Wichita and southern Kansas) with Kansas-City-area "KP&L -- Kansas Power & Light." Despite consumer advocates' objection to the merger, the merger was approved by the state's utility-regulatory body, the Kansas Corporation Commission (KCC).
The KCC -- normally headed by a panel of three Commissioners appointed by the Governor -- has, for several years (starting during Gov. Brownback's admnistration) be made up of former executives of the companies KCC regulates. Not surprisingly, the KCC has generally granted every rate request, and just about every other request, made by the utility companies it regulates. As a consequence, Wichita's electric rates have grown steadily in recent years.
Residential rates are different from commercial and industrial rates.
Consumers who wish to use their own solar power eqiupement, instead of -- or as a supplement to -- Westar's power, may find it difficult to clear the hurdles thrown up by the utility and city inspectors. For years, Westar aggressively fought attempts to get it to accept and pay for electricity generated by consumers whose solar equipment produced more electricity than they needed for their own use.
Westar (now part of Evergy) derives most of its Wichita-area electricity from fossil-fuel-powered plants -- one just southwest of the city, another northwest about halfway between Wichita and Hutchinson. The Wolf Creek nuclear powerplant, near Burlington, in east-central Kansas, is another key power source, though its future is uncertain. Increasingly, Westar has been deriving its power from numerous wind turbines at "wind farms" throughout the state -- most notably in neighboring Butler and Greenwood counties to the east of Wichita. Westar's 2019 merger with Kansas Power & Light -- to form the new utility "Evergy" -- raises questions about its future sources of electricity.
As part of their "franchise agreement" giving them sole authority to act as an electric utility in Wichita, Westar (now Evergy) is required to maintain and power the city's streetlights. It has, however, been extremely negligent in doing so.
TRANSPORTATION - MORE page
of this website.
- Natural Gas
Wichita is served by multiple natural gas utilities -- in particular, Kansas Gas Service, and, increasingly, the Black Hills Energy gas utility.
Natural gas is the preferred heating fuel in the Wichita area, though many homes are "all-electric", and many homes and businesses are increasingly relying on electric "heat pumps" to efficiently extract heat from outside air, during moderately cold weather.
(Heating oil and coal are not generally used in the Wichita area, nor in Kansas generally. This is at least partly due to the regional proximity of numerous natural gas wells, transmission pipelines, and refining facilities Though many Wichita homes have fireplaces, they are generally used mostly for decorative purposes, and only provide a little of the city's home heating.).